Graduated in the Cambridge School Certificate, Singapore in 1950. Trained at Singapore Teacher’s Training College and taught art in secondary schools from 1951 to 1954. Worked as freelance artist for Federal Publisher and for Professor R E Holttum of Botany, University of Singapore as illustrator from 1952 to 1954. Offered a scholarship to study Fine Art in the Byam Shaw School of Drawing and Painting, London in 1954. Returned to Singapore and took up the American Famous Artist Course by correspondence while working as full time graphic artist in advertising agencies for 44 years and retired at age of 75 in 2005. Upon retirement, took oil and watercolour painting courses in private institutions. Currently a member of the Singapore Watercolour Society, the Society of Chinese Artists and the Singapore Teachers’ Art Society since 2010.